Vasectomy – After the Operation

Recovery: Do's & Don'ts

  • Better to take it easy for the first day or two. Go directly home after the operation and rest: elevate your feet. Plan to limit the time on your feet as much as possible for the first few days.
  • The local anaesthetic will wear off within about 3 hours after the operation and I will provide you with a prescription for pain medication when you leave the clinic.
  • Locally applied ice packs in the first 24 hours as well as a tight scrotal support garment (will be provided to you) for a few days, are very effective in preventing post-operative pain and swelling.
  • You will usually be given sick leave for 3 days but you may return to work earlier if you feel up to it and provided that your occupation does not involve physical exertion (lifting of heavy objects, walking long distances, standing for long periods).
  • You should avoid heavy physical activity for approximately 1-2 weeks and may resume sexual activity 1 week after the procedure.

Very important: you must still use another method of contraception for at least 2 months after the vasectomy, until you’ve confirmed a sperm count of zero on a formal laboratory sperm count test.


Although vasectomy is a minor procedure, any surgery on the human body carries with it the risk of possible complications. A complication after vasectomy is rare. Even if it does occur, it is usually more bothersome than serious.

The most common complications that may arise include:

Haematoma / Bleeding
There is virtually no bleeding during the operation, but bleeding on the inside of the scrotum (wound hematoma) causing swelling and bruising may take place in the days following your surgery. Should this occur, management will usually involve a course of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medication, as well as tight fitting scrotal support. Most of these hematomas will resolve on their own and there will be no long term effects. It is important that you take it easy for the first few days after your surgery in order to further reduce the risk of a wound hematoma. Using the No Scalpel vasectomy technique reduces the risk of post-operative haematoma.
There is no benefit in routinely taking a full course of oral antibiotics after your operation – in fact, this practice increases the resistance of germs to antibiotics. Wound infections may rarely occur after vasectomy, and will usually be managed with a course of oral antibiotics.
This is a condition that occurs when the epididymis (part of the testicular end of the vas), becomes inflamed and swollen. The use of anti-inflammatory medication with or without antibiotics usually clears this up within a week.
“Post Vasectomy Pain Syndrome (PVPS)” / Chronic post-operative pain

Some degree of pain or ache in the first few days following a vasectomy is completely normal and is usually easily controlled with pain tablets. However, about 5% of men may have chronic scrotal pain for many years and even decades following a vasectomy. Because this is such a troublesome condition, numerous research articles have been published on the topic:

There is no way to predict which patient will develop chronic pain after a vasectomy. There is also no specific treatment that is reliably effective. Many different things have been tried: stronger pain medication, different classes of pain medication, injection of local anaesthetic, surgically removing the nerves that conduct pain impulses from the testicle, reversing the vasectomy and even removing the testicle! None of the mentioned treatment modalities have had a more than 70% success rate in curing the pain and discomfort. One thing that has been proven to reduce the risk of developing Post Vasectomy Pain Syndrome / PVPS is using the open-ended vasectomy technique.

By leaving the testicular end of the vas deferens open, the sperm that is still produced by the testicle after vasectomy will not accumulate and cause high pressure, as is the case when the testicular end of the vas is closed off. High pressure in the vas and epididymis is widely accepted as the most probable cause of PVPS.

Sperm Granuloma
This may occur when sperm leaks from the open end of the testicular vas. A small lump (about 4mm) which is usually painles forms in the area. This lump does not pose a danger and frequently resolves over time.
Failure of Vasectomy
Pregnancy may result if a man fails to abstain from sex or use alternative forms of birth control during the first few weeks after the operation, until a sperm count of zero has been confirmed on a formal laboratory sperm count test. There is also 1 in 2000 chance that the cut vas will spontaneously rejoin, thereby restoring the males fertility and causing pregnancy.

Vasectomy does NOT cause

Sexual Difficulties
It is usually reported that men who undergo vasectomy and their partners express greater enjoyment and spontaneity of sex. However, occasionally a man may experience sexual problems after vasectomy, but these almost always have an emotional / psychological basis. Counseling usually alleviates the problem.
Low testosterone
The male hormone testosterone is produced in the testicle and is transported to other areas of the body via the blood. Testosterone is not transported in the vas deferens and therefore vasectomy will not cause any change in a man’s testosterone levels.
Prostate Cancer, Testis Cancer, Heart problems, Stroke, Dementia
The Vasectomy Guideline Panel of the American Urological Association evaluated numerous research publications on the association between vasectomy and the abovementioned conditions. They concluded that vasectomy does NOT increase a man’s risk of developing any of these illnesses.
  • Good day Dr Zarrabi I hope you are keeping well. It has been 10 months since we did the Varicocele repair and a lot has happened since then and obviously it’s been quite a journey. But needless to say it was not all in vein. Hence my e-mail to you today. If you recall we went back to the Aevitas about August for one last Invitro (6th). The result was that we had a better count and better mobility due to the Varicocele repair as what we ever had before with the previous 5 Invitros. And I am very pleased to announce that E had a successful/positive result and she is 3 and half months pregnant now. We would just like to express our Sincere Gratitude to you and your staff for all your assistance and prayers through the whole process. Kind regards,
    JB, Ermelo
  • We want to thank you and Dr Zarrabi for being kind and gentle…. There is such a huge difference in patient care, follow-ups and bruising between the previous Dr and Dr Zarrabi’s offices. I thank God that we went to your practice and I will let you know if there is a little heart beat inside of me… Lots of Love.
    RL, Rustenburg
  • Good day Dr Zarrabi Trust you well. I just wanted to say thanks very much for your professionalism and great help on my husband’s operation. Today I have a very healthy active 9 month old son thanks to you. At one stage we had just given up because nothing happened but then this miracle came along. Keep up the great work. Thanks and regards,
    KW, Cape Town
  • Dear Dr Zarrabi We have the best, if not surprising news, 'M is PREGNANT!!! She been feeling funny in the latter part of August as I was starting my course of prelox. We are overwhelmed and overjoyed. Thank you, thank you so so much.
    PM, Johannesburg
  • Good morning Gillian I just want to send you this email to say a big thank you for all your assistance in making our trip a success. We are safely back home and everything with M is going great so far. Dr Zarrabi really is the best! I will keep you posted on any further developments. Thank you kindly and have a blessed day.
    NL, Johannesburg
  • Hi Doctor Baby girl YP was born on the 12th of April 2017. You do amazing work and she turns 3 months old tomorrow. See pics attached… Regards
    TN, Johannesburg
  • Dear Dr Zarrabi A and I feel truly blessed to have been able to have this reversal done by Dr Zarrabi. The fact that he is able to even perform an operation of this nature is truly amazing and we are fortunate to have somebody in South Africa that has the skillset to perform Micro surgery reversals. I imagine it must be very rewarding to make such a positive difference in people’s lives. In addition to this we found it to be easy and hassle-free to undergo the surgery in spite of the fact that we live more than 1500 kilometres away. Thank you for the professional, efficient and friendly way that you assisted us throughout this process. I will be sure to let you know as soon as A is pregnant (she may already be). Once again thank you.
    CF, Witbank
  • Good day Dr Zarrabi Thank you so much to You and your Staff. We (my Wife) recently did a blood test; and it came out positive - that she is pregnant. Thank you soo much Dr Zarrabi; thank you for helping us in our journey.
    PF, Johannesburg
  • Thank you so much, doc I truly appreciate all your support and valuable information. I hope your stay in the USA is amazing, you have been the most amazing medical professional i have ever dealt with and I'm extremely grateful that you've helped me all along. Kind regards,
    DK, Cape Town
  • Good day Dr Amir / Gillian and Team I hereby would like to thank you all for the excellent and friendly service we received. Everyone on the doctor’s staff was professional and efficient, they made me feel at ease in a stressful situation. I felt that I made a good choice in coming here and, as a group, each of the staff members cared for me and wanted to help me get better. I was thoroughly impressed with the facilities and services at the hospital. Everyone knew what needed to be done, at what time and did it with a smile and compassion. Any questions that myself or wife had was answered quickly and with a friendly disposition. In closing, I would like to thank you for all that you did even after I was dismissed and had a little complication Dr Zarrabi assisted and was ready to take action. It is professionals as yourself and facilities like your hospital that made me decided to use you from the beginning. Regards,
    JH, Pretoria
  • Dear Dr Zarrabi We are not sure you will remember us, amongst all your clients! D and I came to see you in November 2013 for a vasectomy reversal procedure. You were a little concerned that his vasectomy was 15 years in the past and he was 55 at the time. We visited your practice this month while in Cape Town for the first scan of our expected little one - we wanted to share the good news with you! We did conceive within 3 months of the procedure but had an early miscarriage and what with the ups and downs of life over the last 2 years didn't get this far until now. SO - D is in peak condition and our baby is due on Christmas day this year. Thank you so very much for all the microsurgery and D says please send him 1000 business cards to hand out wherever he goes! We will send you a picture of the three of us for your collection when baby is born. With heartfelt gratitude and deepest thanks.
    SD, Johannesburg
  • Dear Dr Zarrabi We are writing to you to thank you for your amazing care, concern and professionalism. Since meeting you we have has such a wonderful experience working with you. Thank you for everything!! It is greatly appreciated. Wishing you a good evening. With gratitude,
    NC, Johannesburg
  • Hi Amir Hope all's well on your side. I am pleased to announce that L is pregnant - exactly 1 year to the day of the reversal! We had it confirmed with a blood test today. We just thank you for your skill and optimism. Just interested to know... Have we set a new record for length of time between vasectomy and reversal: 18 years ;-) thanks again to you and your team. Cheers D.
    DO, Port Elizabeth
  • Liewe Dr Zarrabi Ons wil u net graag in kennis stel dat die prosedure wat u gedoen het suksesvol was. Ons moes nog gaan vir die sperm analise, maar ons het vroeër uitgevind ons is swanger. Ons is nou 6 weke swanger, en wil u net baie hartlik bedank vir die suksesvolle operasie. Baie Dankie
    GH, Cape Town
  • Hallo Dok, Lyk my jou operasie was ‘n reuse sukses. My vrou is nou 11 weke swanger. Dit het ons dus so 1 jaar en 3 maande geneem om swanger te raak. Groete,
    JD, Pretoria
  • Hi Amir Weereens baie dankie vir jou hulp! Dit was n great ervaring! Baie profesioneel! World Class!! Groete
    JS, Cape Town
  • Dear Dr. Zarrabi, Hope you are well. I just want to say thank you for a fantastic service and care I received. It was nice to chat with you first and it made me feel like I am in the right hands. The staff in the clinic were also great. Warm and kind and understanding. A service that stands out compared to other clinics or hospitals where nobody comes to check on you and you never see anybody around.  
    OF, Hermanus
  • Hallo Dokter Zarrabi Ekt gister met my sussie en swear ‘n koffietjie gedrink en hierdie ‘great’ storie gehoor van hoe u hulle hanteer en versorg het. (eintlik gebless het!) My mond het oopgehang, want mens hoor dit min. Dankie Dokter, ek eer en respekteer jou daarvoor. Alle sukses met jou praktyk en drome vorentoe. Vriendelike groete  
    BB, Johannesburg
  • Hello Dr. Zarrabi, It has been a hectic couple of months. I have great news, M is 11 weeks pregnant and to top it off I didn’t even go for the sperm test. We found out the week that the test was scheduled. Thank you! You have worked miracles we never in our wildest dreams thought that it would happen so soon. We will keep you updated as the pregnancy progresses and might even come introduce the little one next time we are in Cape Town. Regards
    LB, Botswana 
    (Vasectomy 8 years previously)
  • Dear Dr Zarrabi, Many thanks to you and the gift that you have given to me. I really wish that I were in Cape Town to celebrate with you. Thanks once again for your great skill and miraculous hands.  
    PN, Durban
    (Vasectomy 14 years ago, 2 cycles IVF / ICSI unsuccessful)
  • Hi Doc, Just a quick email to share our wonderful news - we are pregnant!!! We can't thank you enough for all you have done, and not giving up when most doctors probably would have just shrugged their shoulders. I know you were a tool in the Great Healer's hands, but nonetheless, a BIG thank you!! Can't wait to send our updated family picture. Have a wonderful, blessed day!  
    MH, Swakopmund
  • Dear all, After much soul searching, S and I decided to reverse his vasectomy and try naturally before resorting to other options. S had his vasectomy reversal done by Dr Amir Zarrabi. We never got to do the 6 month sperm test as I had fallen pregnant. The pregnancy was uneventful and our son was delivered at 39 weeks.  
    GL, Cape Town
    (Vasectomy 13 years ago, 4 cycles IVF / ICSI unsuccessful)
  • Hi Dr, Thank you so much for this report!! I am in tears right now, I did not even realize how much I was stressing about this until I got your e-mail!! You really have made this year the best one ever and we will highly recommend you to anyone we can. Your support and complete handling of our case including your after service has been so amazing! We are both so grateful to you. Kind regards,
    MS, Plettenberg Bay
    (Vasectomy 17 years ago, 3 cycles IUI with donor sperm unsuccessful)
  • Dear Dr Zarrabi This letter is long overdue…but for a very happy reason. My wife and I would like to express our heartfelt appreciation for the efforts you made and the application of your considerable skill in reversing my previous vasectomy done 13 years ago. Before proceeding with the surgery you fully explained what we could expect in terms of a timeline, and we complied with all the steps along the post-surgical way. As per your instruction we were supposed to have a sperm analysis done 3 months after the operation but when my wife missed her date we knew something was going on and I didn’t even have to go for the sperm test. We were ecstatic to learn that the surgery was successful and that I was once again delivering viable “swimmers”! We are now 12 weeks pregnant and all thanks goes to you. Doctor we are so blessed to came across your information on the website just when we were at our lowest. We have been through ICSI twice, as we thought it would have a better chance of success. With even everything as normal and positive as could be both sessions was unsuccessful. It costed us a fortune and we didn’t realize that if we did our homework properly the first time, we could had our baby in our arms right now. That is why we are extremely thankful that you have done such a great job. We never doubted you once…we just knew this was it. Words are a poor conveyance of the gratitude we feel, but please accept them with the knowledge that you have made us very happy as a result of your outstanding skill and diligence. Warmest regards,  
    GH, Cape Town
    (Vasectomy 13 years ago, 2 cycles IVF / ICSI unsuccessful)
  • Hi Doctor Amir, We hope that you and your family had a wonderful Christmas and new year. We have some wonderful news, D is pregnant!! This miracle was conceived naturally!! She is just over five weeks today and we are both over the moon. We would like to thank you again for all that you have done for us to make this miracle happen! We will keep you updated. Kind regards,
    CD, Phalaborwa
    (Vasectomy 10 years previously)
  • Dear Dr Zarrabi, As you can see from the attached pics, our 2015 started off extremely well, all thanks to you... KL was delivered via c-section at 08:31am on Friday the 2nd Jan 2015. Weighing 3.22kg and measuring 51cm. She is gorgeous! I'd like to extend a very big thank you to you and your staff for making our dream come true. A is thrilled to be a big sister. Take care and best regards,
    MD, Namibia
    (Vasectomy 8 years previously)
  • Good day Dr Zarrabi We are happy to announce the birth of our baby girl TH. She was born on the 4th of February 2015 weighing 3.350kg. This was a miracle to us. We would like to thank you for making our dream come true by resulting in a successful vasectomy reversal on my husband G in October 2013. Thank you so much doctor!
    SH, Cape Town
    (Vasectomy 13 years previously)